Animal Disease

The Idaho State Department of Agriculture (ISDA) regulates and/or works with other agencies on programs for many diseases, including:

 

In addition to the below information, we have information available on Avian Influenza and West Nile Virus.

 

New! ISDA has just released the Idaho Livestock Exhibitor Reference Manual.  This valuable resource contains basic information on the various components associated with showing/competing livestock in the state of Idaho, including disease identification and prevention, biosecurity, showmanship and exhibitor ethics.

 

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Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE, aka "Mad Cow Disease") is regulated by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). We have provided a link to their information on this disease.

 

 

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Brucellosis is an infectious disease of animals and humans caused by bacteria of the genus Brucella. Cattle Brucellosis can cause abortion, resulting in economic loss to the producer. The ISDA has rules, IDAPA 02.04.20, Rules Governing Brucellosis, which address Brucellosis specifically.

 


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Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) is a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy of cervids, which is a non-febrile, transmissible, insidious, and degenerative disease affecting the central nervous system of cervidae. CWD is covered specifically in IDAPA 02.04.19, Rules Governing Domestic Cervidae.

 


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Equine Herpes Virus (EHV-1) infection in horses can cause respiratory disease, abortion in mares, neonatal foal death, and/or neurologic disease. The neurologic form of EHV-1 is called Equine Herpes Virus Myeloencephalopathy (EHM). The virus can spread through the air, contaminated equipment, clothing and hands.  Additional information can be found here.

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Equine Viral Arteritis (EVA) is an infectious viral disease of horses. We have provided a link to general information about this disease. There is also a testing form/certificate available for download. If you have any questions that are not covered here, please contact the Animal Health Lab.    


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Johne's Disease is an economically important, non-curable bacterial disease of ruminants causing diarrhea and wasting (body condition).  Control or eradication of Johne’s Disease in an infected herd is described in a booklet* that was utilized in the now un-funded USDA Voluntary Bovine Johne's DiseaseControl Program.  The last editiosn of the USDA Beef Johne's Disease newsletter containing valuable prevention guidance is available for both beef* and dairy* animals. Information on prevention, control or eradication of Johne’s disease is also available at  www.johnesdisease.org  or by contacting Dr. Marilyn Simunich via email or at (208) 332-8570. 

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Q Fever is an infectious disease of animals and humans caused by the bacterium Coxiella burnetii. Q Fever causes abortion, stillbirths and weakened newborns, primarily in sheep, goats and cattle and is a reportable disease in Idaho.  For further information on Q Fever in humans, please visit the CDC website. For information on the prevention of Q Fever in livestock, please see this document.*


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Scrapie is a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy that is a nonfebrile, transmissible, insidious, degenerative disease affecting the central nervous system of sheep and goats. Scrapie is covered in IDAPA 02.08.01, Sheep and Goat Rules.

 



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Trichomoniasis is an infectious protozoal venereal disease of cattle which can cause abortion and infertility resulting in economic loss to the producer. Trichomoniasis is covered specifically in IDAPA 02.04.29, Rules Governing Trichomoniasis.

 

 

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Tuberculosis is a slowly progressive bacterial disease of animals and humans caused by Mycobacterium bovis. ISDA has Rules Governing Tuberculosis, IDAPA 02.04.24, which covers Tuberculosis specifically.

* This document is in .pdf format